12 Common Illnesses During the Summer Season

18 May 2023
12 Common Illnesses During the Summer Season

Prepare for a healthy summer experience as the dry season invites you for beach trips and indoor retreats to escape the summer heat. But, rising temperatures from March to May also contribute to the prevalence of most common summer illnesses, not to mention that the pandemic is not yet over. 


So, as much as we want to relax and enjoy this season, we need to be cautious and prioritize health safety first at home. Since the hottest season is already here, know these various summer illnesses that may occur and learn how to treat them.



What Illness is Most Common in the Summer?

Unfortunately, there are plenty of common summer diseases, but listed below are the most prevalent summer diseases that you may acquire during the hot summer months.



1. Sore Eyes

Sore eyes, also known as conjunctivitis, are the inflammation of the eyelids' inner surface and outermost layer of the eye. This frequent summer illness caused by viral or bacterial infections, allergies, or irritants. Symptoms include redness, itching, watering, and discharge from the eyes. 


Treatment usually involves applying warm compresses, avoiding touching or rubbing the eyes, and using over-the-counter artificial tears. In some cases, prescription eye drops or ointments are necessary.



2. Diarrhea

You probably have diarrhea if you experience frequent loose or watery bowel movements. It is usually caused by various factors, such as bacterial or viral infections, food poisoning, medications, or dietary changes. 


Treatment for diarrhea includes staying hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids, especially oral rehydration solutions. Avoiding spicy and fatty foods is also recommended. In severe cases, medication to control symptoms is prescribed. You must practice good hygiene, such as washing hands thoroughly, to prevent the spread of diarrhea-causing pathogens.



3. Heat Stroke

Medically, this is a serious condition. Heat stroke occurs when the body's temperature regulation system fails due to prolonged exposure to the high temperatures of the summer sun. Symptoms include a high body temperature, rapid heartbeat, dizziness, confusion, and loss of consciousness. 


Immediate medical attention is required for heat stroke. Move the affected person to a cooler area, remove excess clothing, and apply cool water or ice packs to lower body temperature. Rehydrate them with fluids and electrolytes as well.



4. Asthma

This type of chronic respiratory condition is characterized by the inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to difficulty in breathing. Summer can trigger asthma symptoms due to increased pollen, mold spores, and air pollution. 


Avoiding triggers, taking prescribed medications as directed, and having a written asthma action plan are highly recommended. Quick-relief inhalers provide immediate relief during asthma attacks, while controller medications help manage symptoms and prevent attacks. Regular follow-ups with a healthcare provider are also important for asthma management.



5. Chickenpox

This type of summer illness is caused by the varicella-zoster virus and is a highly contagious viral infection usually occurring in all ages. Chickenpox is characterized by itchy, fluid-filled blisters that appear on the skin. 


Primarily, the treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and preventing complications. Over-the-counter antihistamines, calamine lotion, and oatmeal baths can also help alleviate itching. Keeping the affected person's nails short and practicing good hygiene can prevent bacterial infections from scratching. Vaccination is available as well to prevent chickenpox.



6. Flu

The flu, or influenza, is a viral respiratory infection that spreads easily during the summer. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle aches, sore throat, runny nose, and fatigue. 


Treatment involves getting plenty of rest, staying hydrated, and taking over-the-counter pain relievers to alleviate symptoms. Antiviral medications are prescribed in severe cases or for high-risk individuals. The best prevention is the annual flu vaccination.



7. Food Poisoning

You are susceptible to food poisoning if you consume contaminated food or water. This can lead to gastrointestinal symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. 


However, the treatment focuses on rehydration to replace lost fluids and electrolytes. Mild cases can be managed at home, while severe cases may require medical attention. Avoiding spoiled or improperly handled food, practicing proper food hygiene, and ensuring thorough cooking of food can help prevent food poisoning.



8. Hyperthermia

Hyperthermia refers to an elevated body temperature caused by exposure to high environmental temperatures. Sadly, it can also lead to heat exhaustion symptoms or heat stroke. 


Treatment involves moving to an area with cold air, removing excess clothing, and applying cool water or ice packs to the body. Hydration and drinking fluids containing electrolytes can help restore the body's balance. Seek medical attention immediately if symptoms persist or worsen.



9. Measles

This highly contagious viral infection is characterized by fever, cough, and a distinctive rash. It spreads through respiratory droplets and direct contact, usually in babies and younger children.


Treatment mainly focuses on managing symptoms and preventing complications. Adequate rest, plenty of fluids, and over-the-counter pain relievers can help alleviate fever and discomfort. The most effective way for measles prevention is through vaccination, and it is recommended for all individuals who haven't been vaccinated or haven't had the disease before.



10. Mumps

This type of viral infection primarily affects the salivary glands, causing pain and swelling in the jaw area.


Treatment includes managing symptoms with rest, fluids, and over-the-counter pain relievers. Apply hot or cold compresses to help reduce swelling of the affected area. Vaccination is also the best prevention for mumps and is recommended for all individuals.



11. Rabies

You can also catch rabies if you have been scratched or bitten by an infected animal. Rabies affects the central nervous system which is fatal if left untreated. Immediate medical attention is crucial if there is a possibility of exposure. 


Treatment involves thorough wound cleaning, administration of rabies immunoglobulin and vaccines, and close monitoring. To prevent rabies, avoid contact with wild or stray animals and ensure pets are vaccinated against rabies.



12. Skin Conditions

Summer can exacerbate various skin conditions, such as sunburn, heat rash, and fungal infections. That is why the treatment varies depending on the specific condition, which may include topical creams, antifungal medications, or soothing remedies.


For sunburn prevention, use sunscreen, wear protective clothing, and seek shade to avoid harmful ultraviolet rays. To prevent heat rash, stay cool and dry, wear loose-fitting clothing, and avoid excessive sweating. Meanwhile, fungal infections can be prevented by keeping the skin clean and dry, avoiding sharing personal items, and wearing breathable fabrics. 



Regardless if you’re living in a big or small house and lot Philippines, these common summer illnesses can happen if you don’t practice good hygiene, exercise regularly, and hydrate yourself. Putting health as your priority investment is a must if you want to reach your future goals. 


However, you can invest in your health by choosing an environment-friendly and sustainable community. Opt for living in nearby provinces but still have access to basic amenities like Lumina Homes. Not only these residential areas are pollution-free, but they are also closer to nature. 


For complete details of our affordable house and lot for sale packages, contact the nearest Lumina-accredited seller nationwide. Our selection of affordable house and lot properties are available in over 50 locations in the Philippines.


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